You should be checking and cleaning bottom boards. Make sure there

is enough food in the hive and look for pollen supplies. Pollen is important for the young bees in the hive. If you do not have enough pollen in the hive it is time to consider supplement feeding.

Look for any signs of mites and disease. Look also for mite damage. Think about a line of treatment for them while the brood numbers are still low. If the temperature stays low one alternative is oxalic acid. Apply antibiotic only when brood disease has been confirmed.


When the weather permits, take hives apart and clean floor boards. If there are no bees in the bottom brood chamber, remove, sort combs, clean, repair and paint where necessary.

Check for eggs and brood to confirm a laying queen. Stimulative feeding of syrup may be begun or continued. Ensure sufficient pollen stores or provide pollen patties.

Feed warm, thick syrup. Prepare sugar syrup by adding 3 parts sugar to two parts hot water (some prefer 2:1) Cool syrup in order to add antibiotics.

When weather permits and bees have resumed flight, test for Varroa mites.