September

September

At the end of the main honey flow many vigorous colonies may have light brood chambers because the bees moved all the incoming nectar up to the top supers. It is now desirable to close the entrance holes in the upper brood chambers. This forces the bees to enter at the bottom board where they are more likely to rear brood and fill the lower chambers with incoming nectar from fall-blooming plants.
Finish extracting and requeen, if necessary. Check hives for wintering requirements. Select hives suitable for overwintering. Do not attempt to winter weak hives; hives that are queen less, have a poor queen, or one that has little or no pollen. A hive requires 50 – 80 pounds of honey, depending on the area, and pollen equal to 2 combs filled on both sides with pollen. Honey stores if insufficient, may be supplemented with sugar syrup.
Feeding should begin early enough to finish feeding by early October in the north and by late October in the south. Feeding too late prevents bees from inverting the sugars, evaporating the moisture and properly storing and capping the material. In areas where European foulbrood is a problem, add Oxy Terramycin to an early feeding of syrup. Continue to add Oxy Terramycin to all fall syrup feedings.
You will have wet combs, unsealed and partly filled combs. You can have the bees clean and carry this honey into the brood chambers by placing the inner cover over the brood chamber. Now place the combs you wish to have cleaned or emptied on top of the inner cover. Bees will clean and carry all the honey down. If you have unexpected honey flows late in the season the bees will carry the surplus honey back up into the supers through this escape hole. The inner cover used in this manner will work as a good safety valve.